A Summary of Sumerians


So what does mankind really know about the ancient civilization of Sumeria? Around 4000 B.C. it was located in a geographical region known as Mesopotamia covering the area we know today as Iraq and Kuwait. The Sumerians called themselves the “black headed people” and they had a written language, cuneiform. They didn’t call their country anything other than “the land” but the people around them called their country Shinar or Sumer. The language they spoke is called Akkadian and means “land of the civilized kings”. It seems Sumeria had a reputation as having some very sophisticated leadership. Who were these kings and what made them so civilized compared to the nations around them?

Eridu is the first Sumerian city to be ruled by a king according to Sumerian religious mythology. Uruk is the oldest city to be established by historians and is also the oldest city in the world that is known to mankind. The “black headed people” who settled here are believed to be the Ubaid people who had evolved from a hunter-gatherer society into an agricultural society. Archaeologists have found remnants of tools and artifacts leading them to this conclusion.

The first record of a king is one named Etana of Kish. He is attributed with creating stability. He is featured in ancient mythology as ascending to heaven on an eagle. Utu-Hegal is next in line and created a document called the “King List”, basically a summary of Sumerian Kings. King Utu-Hegal felt it was an important responsibility to document human accomplishments because they were accountable to the gods who had created them. The manuscript contains names and kingdoms spanning hundreds of thousands of years. An English translation can be read here. Copies of the list have been found by archaeologists in numerous regions remote from Sumeria and recorded in different languages.

One of the reasons their kings may have had such acclaim as founders of civilization is that one of their cities was home to more than 80,000 people. The city rose out of the desert floor, constructed as a massive ziggurat with civilians living in a tiered, pyramid like structure. There were irrigation canals and a sophisticated plumbing network that delivered a water supply from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. At the time, it would have been the largest city in the world.

Amongst all of those notable kings there was a single woman. With humble beginnings as a tavern-keeper, she rose to monarch status. The King List credits her with firmly establishing the foundations of Kish and creating a dynastic legacy that lasted a century.

More recently, Sumeria’s King List has made the news with some historians speculating on the longevity of the kings. Well, the gringa should say eight kings in particular. They believe the manuscripts and tablets reveal a tale of eight kings who ruled for more than 240,000 years, only meeting their end in what is popularly known as the Great Flood. Archaeology does establish a devastating deluge which is recounted in the mythology of many religions. Historians wonder if these kings were even human, since the King List records that their “kingship was lowered from heaven”.

If they survived for hundreds of thousands of years, only dying because of the catastrophic flood, could they have been considered immortal? Or, were they just long-lived space aliens? Were some of their descendants the result of inter-marriage with shorter lived humans, producing children with long life-spans that inspired tales of characters like Methuselah? You know, the descendant of Adam and Eve who was Noah’s grandfather and lived almost one thousand years? Was Methuselah a space alien? Were all the pre-flood people space aliens or alien/human hybrids? Was the flood’s purpose, then, not to kill all of mankind but only to purge the space alien element?

That would explain the seeming contradiction of how life survived a catastrophe created by a god for the purpose of destroying mankind. It was actually only supposed to destroy the aliens posing as men. I mean, think about it. If these aliens established their kingdoms in desert locales, chances are it’s because they didn’t like water. Maybe the waters of the sea, saltwater, was deadly to them. Maybe a catastrophic flood that would mingle the water of the Earth’s oceans with the freshwater these aliens could tolerate would result in a toxic combination they could not survive. Maybe that’s the nugget of truth behind the legends of water killing witches, like depicted in the “Wizard of Oz“. Like the gringa says, stranger things have happened.

Sources:

www.ancient.eu

reflectionofmind.org

www.history.com

Image Credit: reflectionofmind.org

 

 

 

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Today’s America, Just a Civilization Rerun


If man is really an intelligent animal it would stand to reason that he would learn from his own mistakes. If he is an extremely intelligent animal he would also learn from the mistakes of others and the mistakes demonstrated in the annals of history. So, how smart are we, really? The gringa’s thinkin’, um, maybe not so smart.

As NASA and other space agencies throughout the world use their technologies to create models of what to expect from climate change, they have continued to share their knowledge with the world. Some folks are listening, others are not. Some folks are taking action, others are not. Of those taking action, it just doesn’t seem like their efforts are enough on their own. And considering what the world’s top scientists are warning everyone about, the gringa’s only conclusion is that, as a whole, man’s just not the sharpest pencil in the box.

Climate change scientists are concerned that the world’s current usage level of raw materials and natural resources is unsustainable, period. There are no ifs, ands or buts about it. We have just got to stop using up all of this stuff! Just stop it, I tell ya! If we don’t, eventually the industries that depend on these resources will simply collapse because there will not be enough materials to support their production. But what exactly are we talking about? We are talking about the basic raw materials that end up being a necessary component in just about everything we use in everyday life:

  • Trees (lumber, paper, building materials, shipping containers, etc.)
  • Petroleum
  • Fresh water
  • Raw ores and metals (not vital for jewelry but vital for technology)

And that’s just a few, not to mention basic food crops like grains that the entire world is dependent on and requires vast amounts of fresh water for cultivation.

So what happens when vital industries collapse? How can the effect upon society be known? Won’t some very clever entrepreneur simply come up with a suitable alternative to replace what collapsed, using a completely novel material? Well, that’s not what history teaches us.

Throughout history many great nations and empires have collapsed due to some significant event that led to the decline of the population and their economy. The pattern reflects that such collapses of empires is usually preceded by a culture that becomes obsessed with accumulating wealth at the price of oppressing the poorer working classes. Once this becomes the societal norm the culture has become a predator vs. prey culture.

It seems pretty obvious to the gringa that, at least in her own country, the United States, this is the current state of things. So, if my nation has evolved into the cultural stage that precedes a collapse of the state system, is there anything that can be done to prevent the collapse or are we too far gone?

Experts say that the condition is possibly reversible if the culture will do one very important thing:  Reduce consumption to a sustainable level and distribute resources more equitably. This solution sounds pretty simple for a highly complex problem and civilization.

How in the heck do these experts expect Americans to change their consumer culture? Their consumer culture is EXACTLY what defines them. Americans are not proud of a heritage of literature or fine art or musical progenies who produce operas. Americans are proud inventors and innovators and entrepreneurs who sell lots of goods and services in order to make lots of money so they can turn around and buy lots of goods and services to serve as the evidence that they were successful to begin with by their own selling of goods and services. The gringa believes the United States is doomed because the very actions they believe has made the country great is the very behavior that is going to bring it down. Gross consumerism.

So, if America is doomed to collapse, then what will happen? Well, when the Roman Empire bit the dust centuries followed where the population declined. Sick folks couldn’t afford medical treatment so death rates were higher. Young people had uncertain futures so there were fewer pregnancies. What pregnancies there were experienced higher infant mortality because diets were poorer and medical treatment less accessible. The Romans also became dumber because education takes a back seat as a priority when a person is trying to eke out an existence in a collapsed empire. In fact, the population of Rome became widely illiterate.

Amazing how such an advanced civilization spoiled itself to the point that it collapsed and regressed and de-volved. But it happened. And it happened to more empires than just Rome. For example, these are other nations that made it to the pinnacle of existence and then fell to their deaths:

  • Minoa
  • Mycenaea
  • Mesopotamia
  • Sumera
  • Akkadia
  • Babylon
  • Abbasid Empire
  • Umayyad Empire
  • Sassanid Empire
  • Egypt
  • Hittite civilization
  • Mauryan Empire
  • Gupta Empire
  • Zhou Empire
  • Han Empire
  • Tang Empire
  • Song Empire
  • Maya civilization

Let’s stop there and note that the Mayans had reached a point in their society where they were ruled by kings. Their science and astronomy was highly advanced. Metallurgists and craftsmen created magnificent art and jewelry. And then this highly ordered civilization with their kings and calendars and sophisticated political system and complex culture lost well over 90% of their population.

This cycle of rise to power, period of indulgence then collapse into dissolution is worldwide. It has occurred in virtually every major civilization on every continent in the world. No people has been immune. And each civilization was arrogant enough to believe that they would be the exception to the historical rule. Much like my own nation.

So, the gringa watches and waits, considering the checklist of the many events that can trigger the collapse of a civilization:

  • Natural disasters
  • Environmental changes/catastrophes
  • War, civil war or foreign invasion
  • Technology development
  • Weapons development
  • Changes in trade
  • Depletion of natural resources
  • Cultural revolution and unrest

Well, pretty much everything on the list has either happened or seems rather imminent. So now what happens in the predator vs. prey model of America? Well, as the predator becomes more and more enriched, they begin to outgrow the available prey population. The population of the prey will continue to decline. The predator will then have to turn elsewhere to have their needs met. That can be done by creating wars for profit in other countries, assisting in regime changes to place in power a leader who is friendly and will allow exploitation of their people and natural resources, and trade agreements with friendly nations that openly exploit their natural resources and population. Yes, that is America.

But the bad news is that when a predator population begins to rage out of control and threatens the natural order of things, it also begins to decline with disease from growing fat with overfeeding. It then declines even more as it becomes malnourished due to a decline in available prey caused by its gross overfeeding. And then, finally, the predator weakens to the point that it can no longer regain its strength and former glory and a greater and stronger predator swoops in and takes out the competition. And this little rabbit is watching and seeing everything that the wolves are doing.

 

Sources:  www.nasa.gov

www.space.com

 

Image credit:  www.newsgrist.typepad.com