Re-Blog: Watership Down, Chpt 41, Pt 2


(Originally posted 9/8/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

Dandelion begins a fun tale about stealing vegetables from a farmer’s garden.

Image Credit: This Old House

Re-Blog: Plasma Power Is Problematic


(Originally posted 9/7/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

If the gringa’s dear readers are anything like herself, you have spent plenty of time watching shows like Star Trek and reading fantastic science fiction. That means you’ve heard plenty of references to plasma: plasma storms, plasma discharges, plasma cannons, etc. But what the heck is plasma? Is it good for anything? Can we harness its power? Here’s the scoop on plasma.


Plasma is an ionized gas. What that means is that atoms, molecules and all kinds of stuff are constantly being converted into ions. This happens by removing electrons from the affected substance. An ion contains an electrical charge when conversion is complete. That means plasma packs a wallop of a punch. And there is lots of plasma throughout our Universe.


The Sun’s mass makes up nearly the entire mass of our Solar System, 99.85% of it. That mass creates gravity so powerful it squishes things together, like atoms, creating a fusion reaction which makes… wait for it… PLASMA.


99.999% of the Sun is plasma. Scientists estimate that more than 99% of all matter exists in a plasma state. If so much of it is lying about, why aren’t we humans using it for electricity and power and stuff? Why are we still in the Stone Ages with coal and petroleum? Because cosmic plasma is a bit trickier than the plasma we find here on Earth, like lightning. The Sun’s plasma is not just electrified. It also has its own magnetic field. And, boy is it hot!

Because of the magnetics that are part and parcel of the Sun’s plasma, harnessing our nearest star as an energy source would prove to be highly disruptive to communications. Basically, radio frequencies would fry. You see, the Sun is a fusion nuclear reactor way up in the sky. The gringa’s not sure, then, if direct solar power would really be “green” energy.


To harness the power of cosmic plasma for terrestrial use, scientists would have to, theoretically, confine the reactor. Yep, that means putting the Sun in a box, so to speak. Despite years of research, little progress has been made to figure out how to do that and humanity survive in the end. One reason is because scientists have no idea how cosmic plasma and the resulting fusion reaction would affect any barrier they might construct as a containment field. Yeah, those invisible forcefields on Star Trek? Mm hmm. Pure fantasy.


But despite this frustration, scientists remain committed to finding a solution. They are well aware that the current energy sources of Earthlings are finite. One day all the coal will be gone. There will be no more crude to suck from the ground. And even developing more solar and wind energy supplies will only take the entire globe so far. Large industrial areas and densely populated regions will need the power of plasma if they want a constant, reliable power supply.


But why can’t scientists seem to make any progress? In order to test a theory, a scientist must conduct a controlled experiment that re-creates the conditions. Since there is no way to reproduce the 15 million degree Fahrenheit temperature of the Sun, um, yeah, progress is pretty much going nowhere. 


Sure, science has come up with fun gadgets like plasma balls that are basically sold as lighting novelties. But that glass bottle is not anywhere close to being sufficient to bottle a chunk of the Sun. Scientists literally have to find a way to put a sizable piece of the Sun inside of something.


And finding a substance that can withstand temperatures in excess of the 100 million degrees produced by fusion reactions has to do more than not melt. When the plasma comes into contact with the barrier, it must remain pure and clean. 


The gringa can only wonder what the heck might happen should those walls fail. Will half the globe be scorched to infinity in a split second? Will the survivors on the other side of the globe become so radiated they die a slow, agonizing death over the course of the next few weeks or months? Or will a wave of plasma ride the ionosphere to the other side and the survivors know that death is on the way because their blue sky turns blood-red? Or will they basically be cooked alive from a sudden increase in temperature? In other words, will the entire globe become a microwave oven?


Scientists claim that plasma energy will be the cleanest energy ever. Yet, at the same time they are conducting research on the effects of radiation and plasma damage. So, the gringa remains skeptical about the “green” selling points.


Science communities around the world hope to have the first plasma reactor operational by 2018.

Nuclear science professors at MIT explain that the general public shouldn’t expect any real development of commercial plasma fusion reactors for about two more decades. The gringa will be at an age by that time where I might actually appreciate the prospect of a quick and relatively painless death. But, for the sake of my children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren, I suppose I should keep a watchful eye on the developments of this future energy source.


Sources:

Plasma Universe


Science Learn


University of California San Diego


Image Credit: Space.com

Video Credits:

Science Channel


Seeker

Re-Blog: Autobiography of Malcolm X, Chpt 4, Pt 6


(Originally posted 9/6/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

Malcolm takes Laura dancing again and she is full of surprises.

Image Credit: Dancing.org

Re-Blog: Ancient Survival Skills


(Originally posted 9/5/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

The gringa’s been thinking a lot about survival skills lately. Not only do I wonder what might happen to the average person’s way of life should nuclear war break out (thanks to the bad behavior of Trump and Kim Jong Un), I personally have survived several natural disasters. 


The gringa survived Hurricane Allison. There was a terrifying moment in a motor vehicle, faced with rising waters, when, as I performed a hasty 3-point turn-around to beat a quick retreat, the gringa wondered if she would be forced to choose swimming to safety with her 6-year-old son tucked under her arm and leaving behind her mother to fend for herself who couldn’t swim.


I also survived an earthquake in Los Angeles when visiting friends. It was the scariest natural disaster I have ever experienced. Tornadoes and hurricanes usually provide advance warning. You at least have a chance to get to a safe place. Not so with an earthquake. BOOM. It just happens. It’s a roll of the dice if you are in a safe place or not. No amount of planning really matters. 


I was one of the many evacuees finding safe harbor with friends, family and various hotels for almost a month after Hurricane Katrina. Although Houston didn’t get the brunt of the storm, suffering like New Orleans, we got severe wind damage. This meant rolling black-outs off and on for about a month.

The gringa, a single mom at the time, lived with a mother who had high blood pressure. No A/C in the middle of a Texas summer can be deadly for older individuals with high blood pressure. So, we stayed here and there for a few days at a time over the course of a month, so as not to wear out our welcome. After all, we were a traveling troupe of an old lady, 30-something gal, a child, 4 dogs and a rabbit.


Then Hurricane Ike came along and the gringa hunkered down with the caveman and kids, watching as 30-40′ pine trees bent over horizontal to the plane of the yard as the storm blasted through our neighborhood. We were basically cut off from civilization by floodwaters with no electricity in our neighborhood for nearly 2 weeks. 


We cooked out on the grill in our neighborhood from our hurricane food stores not knowing how long we might need them to last. Although we had a battery back-up pack that we used sparingly to listen to news on the radio, eventually it ran out of juice and we, along with our neighbors, new nothing about when or if to expect rescue or help.


Now, the gringa has most recently survived Hurricane Harvey. The caveman, our children and I are some of the luckiest people in the world. All we got were floodwaters hemming us into our respective apartment complexes. No loss of life or property and only about 5 hours without electricity. 


As the gringa woke in the morning to a raging storm, no electricity and warming coffee water over a few candles, I wondered just how long we might be inconvenienced and if our inconvenience might become dangerous. Over the course of the next week I watched news broadcasts 24/7 to see if we might get a mandatory evacuation order, witnessed the courage and generosity of so many come to the aid of my fellow Houstonians, and battled depression as I saw the lives lost.


Needless to say, the gringa has now been mulling over survival skills. I know all about having a hurricane kit with backup necessities and supplies. However, as I talk to neighbors and hear them mention how secure they feel because they have a generator, the gringa can’t help but think how that is a false sense of security.

After all, Harvey shut down all of our refineries. The entire city and surrounding areas were out of gas within a couple of days. And there is little hope of keeping gas resources readily supplied on the scale the city needs. To really survive a disaster, one must be able to do it without gasoline. And, in case floodwaters require you to flee, a survival kit must be portable. That means no bulky stuff. 


Most Americans may think that they simply can’t live without the technology that makes their current lifestyle possible. Trust me, thousands of generations of indigenous people throughout history have done it. Some are still living in such a way. 

Shelter, water and fire are the first survival necessities to secure. Here are some old survival secrets modified for modern survivors:


Shelter: Think about all those indigenous North Americans who were nomadic, taking their tepee shelters with them.

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A modern survival shelter needs to be waterproof yet still provide plenty of air circulation during warm weather. Keeping out insects is also a must. A tarp roof and mosquito netting walls are perfect. In colder weather additional tarps can replace mosquito netting.


Skip the bulky, heavy commercial tents that include a frame that adds weight and bulk. Instead, add lots of rope and clothespins. Then, all you need is to find a place to hang everything. Some nice shade trees are the perfect location. It’s easier than you think to create a shelter.

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Water: The most common advice is for people to stock up on water. That usually means survival minded folks find themselves stashing a supply of bottled water. But bottled water has an expiration date. If you wait until a natural disaster is imminent, you usually arrive at a store to find there is no water left. 


Even if you have a supply laid aside that hasn’t expired, it is rare that you have set aside enough to meet your needs for the long haul of a few weeks. For hydration, cooking, hygiene and cleaning purposes, about 3 gallons daily are needed per person. That’s a lot of water to tuck away into a closet in the event you are cut off from regular water supplies for a couple of weeks.


If municipal water is contaminated or a tap has actually run dry, what are the options? Collecting rainwater or using natural resources like rivers and streams like they did in the good ol’ days. And you need to do more than boil the water to make it suitable for use. Having a portable carbon filter is a necessity in addition to water purification tablets that kill micro-organisms. Having other options than boiling water are necessary when it is important to conserve precious resources like firewood.


Rather than stock up on bottled water, fill up your bathtubs, even your washing machine, and any suitable vessels on hand to store water. But also have some buckets for the express purpose of harvesting rainwater or toting supplies from a nearby river or stream. You may be inclined to set-up a dedicated rainwater harvesting system for your home. But, again, don’t let that create a false sense of security. Have portable buckets on hand should you need to evacuate and setup shelter in a safer place.

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Fire: Fire serves to keep you warm and make it possible to cook your food when in a survival situation. Fire, in essence, is an energy source. Modern survivalists often replace the fires of old with a gas-powered generator. They use this generator to energize all their essentials that require electricity. They may rely on gas grills for cooking. Again, reliance on fuels that will become scarce in a disaster is a false sense of security.


To cook, lay aside plenty of charcoal briquettes that are safer to store than propane tanks. Charcoal also has a longer shelf life. Also have a healthy stock of firestarter sticks. Don’t forget about portability. If you have to evacuate, you will not want to be towing a barbecue grill with you. For evac purposes, pack a stainless steel pan and a lightweight stainless steel rack that can rest on top.


Instead of a generator that will become useless once there’s no gas for sale, why not put your trust in the Sun? Portable solar power generators can be packed and taken with you if you need to evacuate. Not so with a monster-size gas-powered generator. There are lightweight, fold-away solar generator kits that will keep you connected no matter where you setup camp.

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Although the gringa will leave first-aid kit details up to the dear reader to decide, I will offer one tip. Don’t overlook one key first-aid kit item that is rarely mentioned on the average tip list. One thing every survivalist needs today, especially considering the banter between Trump and Kim Jong Un, is a supply of Potassium Iodide tablets that will last for a couple of weeks.


Good luck and the gringa hopes that you will never need to use your survival kit. But if you live in an area prone to natural disasters like the gringa, it is a necessity that you will likely dip into from time to time.


Image Credits:


Bubi Bottle


DW Milhorne


The Bush Craft Cave


Parkway Partners NOLA


Powerenz


Video Credit: Blade HQ

Re-Blog: The Horse & His Boy, Chpt 6, Pt 2


(Originally posted 9/4/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

A mysterious cat comforts Shasta’s fears in the Tombs at night alone.

Image Credit: Pinterest

Re-Blog: Watership Down, Chpt 41, Pt 1


(Originally posted 9/3/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

The warren seems safe, fat and happy. What about their future?

Image Credit: Toon Barn

Re-Blog: Autobiography of Malcolm X, Chpt 4, Pt 5


(Originally posted 9/2/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

Dancing the lindy-hop with Laura fascinates Malcolm. Until the competition starts. Then Malcolm fascinates Laura.

 Image Credit: Swing In Denver

Re-Blog: The Horse & His Boy, Chpt 6, Pt 1


(Originally posted 9/1/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

Shasta gets to the tombs. But will he find his friends?

Image Credit: Pinterest

Re-Blog: An Irish Haunting Of Canadians


(Originally posted 8/31/2017 on Read With The Gringa)

Why would an Irish ghost haunt Canadians? Is it a race thing? Is it a case of mistaken identity? Perhaps the Irish ghost has become displaced throughout history? Is there even such a thing as ghosts?


Well, first of all, the question of whether or not ghosts exist. The gringa believes in the possibility of energy-based beings that most humans call ghosts. I believe that when a person’s physical body expires the energy which animates that body does not expire. The consciousness lives on, in a different dimension, the 5th dimension that the gringa believes to be found in what science calls the Dark Matter universe. Life in this other invisible universe where matter doesn’t matter can sometimes cross-over and interact with those of us still living an existence where matter does still matter.


Being sentient beings, these dark matter beings also retain their individuality, remembering their identity from their physical matter-based existence on Earth. That would mean that an Irish ghost would remember its Irish identity and be able to identify physical humans according to nationality as well. But, chances are, moving on to a higher plane of existence, such “matters” like national identities would no longer “matter” to such a being. So, an Irish ghost haunting Canadians wouldn’t be a race thing or case of mistaken identity.


But what about displacement? Would a 5th dimension, Dark Matter universe being find itself limited to where it could interact with physical matter in our universe? Would the consciousness of a disembodied person be restricted to only areas that are most familiar or emotionally significant? The gringa says, “Perhaps.” Such a question might be answered by understanding how a consciousness is able to manifest itself in a physical world. 


When residents and guests of Canada’s official ambassador residence in Dublin experience their Irish ghost, they describe events like banging noises, heavy breathing and loud footsteps in hallways. How old is this residence? Who has lived there in the past? Who might have developed such a strong connection with the place that they insist on sticking around and making their presence known?


The most powerful events connected with the building is the April 1916 Irish rebellion known as the 1916 Easter Rising. During this 6-day armed rebellion more than 450 people were killed and thousands injured. The Irish leader who crafted the master plan, Patrick Pearse, lived in Glanmire house that is now the residence of the Canadian Ambassador. 


Once British rulers squashed his rebellion, Pearse was executed. Sounds to the gringa like a good reason to hang around. Pearse probably feels like he has unfinished business. And he is also emotionally charged with loyalty, bitterness, anger and determination.

The residence’s current inhabitant, Canada’s ambassador, Kevin Vickers, is not some melodramatic child keening for attention. He has faithfully served his country for almost three decades. First with the Canadian Mounted Royal Police. Then as Sergeant-At-Arms in the House of Commons. He is a cool customer, hailed as a hero for killing a rampaging gunman in Canada’s parliament building in October of 2014. Appointed the Irish ambassadorship in January, 2015, however, may be his most interesting assignment, yet.


It didn’t take long for the Irish ghost to make his presence known. Vickers reports that he hears sounds like chains being thrown down onto hardwood floors. Activity is so prevalent that his dear little maid won’t even venture upstairs. 


The gringa wonders how good of a housekeeper Vickers is. Is his bureau dusty? His bed unmade on a daily basis? But, I digress. Back to how a disembodied consciousness might succeed at affecting a corporeal world. 


If corporeal humans can achieve supernatural feats through highly-disciplined, deep meditative practices, the gringa believes it is possible for the opposite to be also be true. If dear Pearse reflects with great passion on the events of the past, he may just be able to produce enough energy to spill over into our universe. 


Scientists have already reported tracking movements by dark matter. Wherever Pearse is in the unseen dark matter universe, his consciousness could direct itself back to the physical place where he suffered the most. His grief for lost comrades may be so great that he wishes to see how things developed after they lost their leader. His only solace and comfort may actually be found in returning and seeing the state of current events in his beloved country. It may be that he will only stop his hauntings (return trips) when Ireland is once whole again.


Source & Image Credit: 

BBC


Additional Image Credit: Deviant Art

Video Credit: worcesterjonny